Relating to Byzantium, the ancient city on the site of modern Istanbul; hence a highly stylized form of art and architecture; and hence again, in a figurative sense, complicated and inflexible in attitude. A byzantine legal system is badly in need of reform; the byzantine plot of a thriller needs to be much simplified if the average reader is to understand it.
Another word for a strong criticism, but this one is likely to be untrue:’When he says I cheated in my exams, it’s a calumny; I worked hard to get those results.’ A person given to making such remarks, or the remarks themselves, could be described as calumnious or, more rarely but sounding more spiteful, calumniatory; the verb is to calumniate.
One of those lovely words that means just what it sounds as if it should mean: bad-tempered, complaining, likely to pick a quarrel at the slightest provocation. It’s frequently applied to an elderly person who refuses to move with the times: a cantankerous old man (or woman – there’s nothing gender specific about being cantankerous). If you are of an artistic bent, however, there may be a cure for the bad temper that too often comes with age: Vincent Van Gogh is quoted as saying, ‘The more ugly, older, more cantankerous, more ill and poorer I become, the more I try to make amends by making my shades more vibrant, more balanced and beaming.’
Caprice is a French word that probably ultimately derives from the Latin for a goat and is therefore related to the zodiac sign Capricorn; its nearest English equivalent is whim and to be capricious is to be whimsical, impulsive, subject to sudden changes of mind. It may sound fun but does imply that you are also fickle and unreliable.
Not a frequently used word, it sprang to fame in the 1980s with the publication of Anthony Burgess’s novel Earthly Powers. ‘It was the afternoon of my eighty-first birthday, and I was in bed with my catamite when Ali announced that the archbishop had come to see me,’ read the first sentence, giving pause to those who always thought that ‘It is a truth universally acknowledged…’ or ‘Mother died today. Or maybe yesterday; I don’t know’ were the most striking opening lines in fiction. Catamite means the ‘kept’ young lover of a homosexual man.
A simplistic approach to the English Civil Wars shows the Cavaliers – the royalists, as opposed to the dour Puritanical supporters of Cromwell – arrayed in lance, with feathers in their hats, up for a good time. The modern sense of cavalier (which comes from the French meaning for horseman) is more negative than that; it means offhand and haughty, taking no notice of responsibilities or the feelings of others. You could have a cavalier attitude to anything from carbon emissions to getting to work on time; they both boil down to ‘What the heck, why should I bother?’
In Ancient Rome there was an official called a censor, one of those duties was to keep an eye on public morals. The same title is given to the person who decides who is allowed to see which films, and to the army officer who reads soldiers’ letters home and stops them from telling their mothers their exact location. There is also a verb, so a censor’s duty is to censor. From all of this comes the adjective censorious, meaning highly critical, quick to find fault: telling a teenage daughter, ‘You’re not going out dressed like that’ could be described as a censorious remark.
A French word, with the initial sound pronounced sh, this means someone who lays claim to skills he doesn’t have, especially in medicine: ‘Any charlatan can put up a plaque and pretend to be an expert in balinese herbs.’ A Charlatan can also be a fraud in other contents, but then the word has an old-fashioned ring to it – the sort of person who might describe a man (and it is usually a man) as a charlatan might equally well call him a cad or a bounder and would certainly mean that the offending party was no gentleman.
A churl was originally an uneducated farm worker, and is similar to a boor. Churlish has come to mean surly, ill-mannered, but in a quieter, more sulky way than boorish. A churlish person would refuse an invitation briefly and ungraciously; a boorish one might well say, ‘Good God, no, wouldn’t be seen dead at her wedding. Can’t stand the girl.’
Something that may be contended over or become a bone of contention is described as contentious: disputed, controversial or, when it refers to a person, argumentative. A contentious question may be anything from whether or not hunting should be banned to where you put the stress in your pronunciation of the word controversy: the point is that it will provoke heated argument.
500 Words You Should Know (Part 7)
Draco was an Ancient Athenian politician who introduced a code of laws according to which a startling number of crimes were punishable by death. The adjective derived from his name therefore means exceedingly strict, severe. It’s most often used to describe such things as discipline, punishment, rules and regulations, but if a person whose views on these things were harsh they could be accused of having draconian attitudes, or indeed of being draconian himself.
Cheek, insolence, as in ‘He had the effrontery to say I never give him anything after I paid for his whole family to go on holiday last year’. Not to be confused with affronted, meaning offended, which is how the person uttering that last complaint might feel.
A commonly misused word, this does not mean enormousness. It means appallingness, great wickedness, ‘He seemed not to realize the enormity of his crime’ means he didn’t acknowledge he had done something dreadful, but not necessarily that he had wiped out an entire city.
From the German for ‘replacement’ this is an adjective describing an inferior imitation of something more valuable or attractive: ‘It was one of those twee little hotels with ersatz Victorian furniture’ or ‘Ersatz lemon meringue pie, made with some awful artificial lemon substitute.’
In the plant world, this describes a green plant that has gone pale through lack of sunlight; in human terms it means pale and weak: ‘His skin had that etiolated look of a video-game player who has spent his youth on his game console’.
This means literally to take the skin off, so metaphorically to flay someone alive, to criticize very severely. A critic might, for example, write an excoriating review of a film or play he loathed, while an angry politician might make an excoriating criticism of government policy.
An Italian word, this time related to extravagance and meaning a very showy and elaborate performance, the sort of thing that might have been put on by Hollywood director Busby Berkeley. Special effects, fancy costumes, fireworks – you name it, an extravaganza has it. Expense is no object and taste is rarely a consideration.
An extract from the Atlantic Monthly dated 1900 gives a particularly damning use of this word: “The English drawing master did not teach art, but facile tricks of the brush.’ Facile comes from the Latin for easy and did once mean just that. In modern usage, however, it has the added sense of being just a bit too easy and thus having little value: a facile victory is more or less a walkover; a facile remark is a glib one, easy to make but not requiring much thought.
In logic a fallacy is an error of reasoning that produces a misleading conclusion; fallacious therefore means illogical, misleading, as in a fallacious argument or a fallacious news report. It’s also worth being aware of what philosophers call the fallacy of many questions, of which ‘When did you stop beating your wife?’ is the most frequently given example. It means that the question presupposes something that may be false, but you can’t answer it without acknowledging the accusation. Lose-lose.
This means picky, critical, hard to please and the Latin roots conjure up its connotations beautifully: they are the words for pride and weariness (the second part of fastidious is related to tedious and tedium). So the fastidious person looks down on something as being beneath her and manages to be bored with it at the same time. You might pick fastidiously at your food if it didn’t appeal to you or lift your trouser legs fastidiously so as not to get them wet on a rainy day.
Ariana Grande Quotes
Here are some awesome Ariana Grande quotes which I have edited and put together for you. I aim to add more quotes to this page as time goes on so do make sure you keep checking back. Hope you Enjoy the ones I have added so far! 🙂
1. You should never stop believing in something, and you shouldn't listen to anyone who tells you otherwise.
2. There's too many people telling you that you're not good enough, but you are good enough.
3. There's always tomorrow and it always gets better.
4. The thrill of not knowing what's going to happen, trained me to be prepared for anything.
5. When you feel your best, everybody else can feel it too.
6. I think it's so important for girls to love themselves and to treat their bodies respectfully.
7. I don't feel much pressure to fit in. I never have. I've always just wanted to do my thing. And if I don't fit in somewhere else, I fit in at home.
8. Gotta find a way to break the spell to get the hell away from those who block my vision.
9. Don't ever doubt yourselves or waste a second of your life. It's too short, and you're too special.
10. If you're passionate about something then it will definitely work out for you.
11. sometimes, people can be extraordinarily judgmental and closed-minded to anyone different or special.
12. Don't need permission, made my decision to test my limits
13. On a scale of one to ten, I'm at 100.
14. I see it, I like it, I want it, I got it
15. The best fashion advice I'd say would be just to do what makes you comfortable and what makes you feel cute, and that's how you're gonna look your best
16. Be happy with being you. Love your flaws. Own your quirks. And know that you are just as perfect as anyone else, exactly as you are.
17. When you're handed a challenge, instead of sitting there and complaining about it, why not try to make something beautiful?
18. You can work your way to the top. Just know that there's ups and downs and there's drops. Unfollow fear and just say "you are blocked". Just know there is so much room at the top.
19. Every time you're faced with something ugly, focus on something beautiful. What you focus on expands. Only you can change your reality.
300 Pink Quotes For Girls Success Inspiration (Part 1)
Being a girl myself I can definitely say that these quotes have made a huge difference to my life, especially the way that I think about success which has inspired me greatly. I hope it does the same for you too. Hope you enjoy these quotes
1. Whatever you are, be a good one.
2. In the end, it's not the years in your life that count. It's the life in your years.
3. You were put on this Earth to achieve your greatest self, to live out your purpose, and to do it courageously.
4. You deserve to have happiness that flows freely from you
5. Be a champion who gets up even when you can't
6. The two most important days in your life are the day you are born and the day you find out why
7. You deserve the best for putting up with the worst.
8. It's hard to stay motivated when you don't know exactly what you're doing or where you're going
9. Give up on being perfect and start working on becoming yourself.
10. Don't give up... keep it up... keep going... you can make it happen.
11. Never underestimate the power you have to take your life in a new direction.
12. Don't let yesterday take up too much of today.
13. Strive to get all the things that will create your happiness
14. If someone makes you happy, make them happier
15. Beautiful faces, good shaped bodies and bad hearts are so mainstream.
16. You gotta build yourself so strong that nobody can trash you down or make you look bad
17. No matter how unhappy you are, know that good days will come and you will be happy. Your happiness matters.
18. Never let fear decide the future.
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1200 Motivational Quotes (Part 2)
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Here’s The Reality Of Self-Love, And Why It’s So Important
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1200 Motivational Quotes (Part 11)
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150 Top Self Love Quotes To Always Remember (Part 1)
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150 Top Self Love Quotes To Always Remember (Part 5)
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1000 Best Life Quotes (Part 3)
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200 Inspirational & Valuable Life Quotes That Will Make You Think Deeply
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1200 Motivational Quotes (Part 7)